Dr Scott A. Hale
Scott A. Hale is a Data Scientist analysing large-scale data using techniques from computer science and other fields to answer social science questions. He has particular interests in human-computer interaction, collective action, and bilingualism.
Scott A. Hale is a Data Scientist at the OII. He develops and applies techniques from computer science to research questions in the social sciences. He is particularly interested in the area of human-computer interaction and the spread of information between speakers of different languages online and the roles of bilingual Internet users. He is also interested in collective action and politics more generally.
Scott manages the Oxford Experimental Laboratory (OxLab), which runs economic and political science laboratory and field experiments to investigate the effect of different information environments on collective action and the impact of different types of government provision on citizens' information seeking behaviour.
Scott graduated with degrees in Computer Science, Mathematics, and Spanish from Eckerd College, FL, USA. During his time at Eckerd, he published computer science research in the area of image processing while working on a larger research project called Darwin. After graduating, he worked in Okinawa, Japan, at the Okinawa Prefectural Education Centre with public school teachers to develop English immersion curricula and with IT professionals to deliver continuing education training through the Internet to staff members and students on outlying islands. He came to the OII as a master's candidate in October 2009 and subsequently began his DPhil (PhD) at the OII in October 2010. His DPhil research concentrated on how the design of social media platforms affects the amount of information shared across language divides.
Margetts, H., John, P., Hale, S., and Yasseri, T. (2015) Political Turbulence: How Social Media Shape Collective Action. Princeton University Press.
Hale, S.A. (2014) Global Connectivity and Multilinguals in the Twitter Network. In Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI'14, ACM.
Hale, S.A. (2014) Multilinguals and Wikipedia Editing. In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science (WebSci '14). ACM.
Hale, S. A. (2012) Net Increase? Cross-lingual Linking in the Blogosphere. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication.
Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), information diffusion, social network analysis (SNA), large-scale data, experiments, visualization, complex systems
Positions held at the OII
- DPhil Alumnus, August 2015 -
- Data Scientist, January 2015 -
- DPhil Student, October 2010 - January 2015
- Research Assistant, May 2010 - December 2014
September 2015 - August 2017
Mining human mobility and migration patterns from social media and industry data sources as well as visualizing geo-temporal network data interactively with HTML5.
August 2015 - December 2016
Understanding what translation rating/voting systems work best for human, crowd-sourced translation and the optimal display of translated content.
May 2015 - December 2016
The aim of this project is to conduct research in innovative citizen science, building on existing work by both the Oxford Internet Institute and by the Zooniverse team in the Department of Physics.
April 2015 -
This site collects elections research at the OII. We are interested in exploring the extent to which data from the social web can be used to predict interesting social and political phenomena, especially elections.
November 2010 -
This project brings together OII research fellows and doctoral students to shed light on the incorporation of new users and information into the Wikipedia community.
October 2006 -
Oxford eXperimental Laboratory is undertaking laboratory-based experiments (eg information-seeking tasks) on networked computers in two disciplines: Economics (interactive decision making) and Political Science (evaluating government information online).
October 1999 -
Research dedicated to improving knowledge and understanding of e-government and the impact of web-based technologies on government.
May - September 2012
"InteractiveVis" aims to support easy creation of interactive visualisations for geospatial and network data by researchers: it will survey existing solutions, build currently missing features, and smooth over incompatibilities between existing libraries.
February 2012 - February 2014
This project aims to enhance JISC's UK Web Domain archive, a 30 TB archive of the .uk country-code top level domain collected from 1996 to 2010. It will extract link graphs from the data and disseminate social science research using the collection.
October 2011 - October 2013
This project is using Twitter data to comprehensively uncover where Internet content is being created; whether the amount of content created in different places is changing over time; and how content moves across time and space in the Social Web.
April 2011 - September 2014
This research programme aims to assess where political science understanding, knowledge and theory should be re-examined and developed in light of widespread use of the Internet, and to develop methodologies to study online behaviour.
- Hale, S.A. (2015) Cross-language Wikipedia Editing of Okinawa, Japan. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI '15, ACM.
- Liao, H.T., Fu, K.W., and Hale, S.A. (2015) How much is said in a microblog? A multilingual inquiry based on Weibo and Twitter. In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM Conference on Web Science (WebSci '15). ACM.
- Hale, S.A., Yasseri, T., Cowls, J., Meyer, E.T., Schroeder, R., and Margetts, H. (2014) Mapping the UK webspace: Fifteen years of British universities on the web. ACM WebSci'14, Bloomington, Indiana.
- Hale, S.A. (2014) Global Connectivity and Multilinguals in the Twitter Network. In Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI'14, ACM.
- Hale, S.A. (2014) Multilinguals and Wikipedia Editing. In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science (WebSci '14). ACM.
- Yasseri, T., Hale, S., and Margetts, H. (2013) Modeling the Rise in Internet-based Petitions. Submitted.
- Graham, M., Stephens, M. and Hale, S. (2013) Featured graphic: Mapping the geoweb: a geography of Twitter. Environment and Planning A 45: 100-102.
- Graham, M., Hale, S. and Gaffney, D. (2013) Where in the World are You? Geolocation and Language Identification in Twitter. The Professional Geographer.
- Margetts, H.Z., John, P., Hale, S.A., and Reissfelder, S. (2013) Leadership without Leaders? Starters and Followers in Online Collective Action. Political Studies.
- Hale, S.A., Margetts, H., and Yasseri, T. (2013) Petition growth and success rates on the UK No. 10 Downing Street website. Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM Web Science Conference, WebSci'13, Paris, France, pp. 132-138.
- Hale, S. A. (2012) Net Increase? Cross-lingual Linking in the Blogosphere. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication.
- Graham, M., Hale, S. and Stephens, M. (2012) Digital Divide: The Geography of Internet Access. Environment and Planning A 44 (5) 1009-1010.
- Hale, S.A. (2012) Impact of Platform Design on Cross-language Information Exchange. In Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI '12, ACM.
- Stewman, J., Debure, K., Hale, S. and Russell, A. (2006) Iterative 3-D Pose Correction and Content-Based Image Retrieval for Dorsal Fin Recognition. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition (ICIAR). Springer-Verlag.
- Margetts, H., John, P., Hale, S., and Yasseri, T. (2015) Political Turbulence: How Social Media Shape Collective Action. Princeton University Press.
- Margetts, H., Hale, S. A., and Yasseri, T. (2014) Big Data and Collective Action. In M.Graham and W.H.Dutton (eds) Society and the Internet: How information and social networks are changing our lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- De Sabbata, S., Çöltekin, A., Eccles, K., Hale, S. and Straumann, R.K. (2015) Collaborative Visualizations for Wikipedia Critique and Activism. Proceedings of ICWSM. AAAI.
- Hale, S.A., John, P., Margetts, H., and Yasseri, T. (2014) Investigating Political Participation and Social Information Using Big Data and a Natural Experiment. APSA 2014 Annual Meeting Paper.
- Margetts, H., John, P., Reissfelder, S., and Hale, S. (2012) Social Influence and Collective Action: Heterogeneous Personality Effects. Paper presented (2010-2011) at EUI, Florence; UoC, Barcelona; UoI, Chicago; and EGAP conference, World Bank, Washington DC.
- Margetts, H., John, P., Reissfelder, S. and Hale, S. (2011) Leadership without Leaders: Starters and Followers in Online Collective Action. Presented at ECPR conference, Reykavik, Iceland, August 2011.
- Hale, S.A. (2006) Unsupervised Thresholding Morphological Processing for Automatic Fin-outline Extraction in DARWIN (Digital Analysis and Recognition of Whale Images on a Network). ACM Student Research Competition.
- Hale, S. A. (2011) Marketing campaigns for multiple language communities online. Huddle Mindshare, London, 3 November 2011.
- Hale, S. A., Petzold, T. and Liao, H. (2011) Language and the Internet: Developing a language-intelligent approach. Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin, Germany, 28 October 2011.
- Hale, S. A. (2011) Net Increase? Cross-lingual Linking in the Blogosphere. Nuffield–OII Social Networks Seminar, University of Oxford, 31 January 2011.
- Hale, S. A. (2010) Cross-lingual Knowledge Sharing Online: Blogging the 2010 Haitian Earthquake. Nissan Institute of Japanese Studies, University of Oxford, 11 November 2010.
- Stewman, J., Debure, K., Hale, S. and Russell, A. (2006) Iterative 3-D Pose Correction and Content-Based Image Retrieval for Dorsal Fin Recognition [Presentation Slides]. Presented at the International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition (ICIAR), September 2006.
- Bright, J., Margetts, H., Hale, S. and Yasseri, T. (2014) The use of social media for research and analysis: a feasibility study. Report of research carried out by the Oxford Internet Institute on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions. DWP ad hoc research report no. 13.
- Oostveen, A., Meyer, E., Cobo, C., Hjorth, I., Reisdorf, B., Papoutsi, C., Power, L., Abdel-Sattar, N., Hale, S. and Waldburger, M. (2011) First Year Report on Scientific Workshop. SESERV Deliverable D1.2, Socio-Economic Services for European Research Projects FP7-2010-ICT-258138-CSA.
- Graham, M., Hale, S. A. and Stephens, M. (2011) Geographies of the World's Knowledge. London, Convoco! Edition.
- Hale, S.A. (2008) A New Approach to Unsupervised Thresholding for Automatic Extraction of Dolphin Dorsal Fin Outlines from Digital Photographs in DARWIN. The Eckerd Scholar 2008. Eckerd College, 65-74.
- Hale, S.A. (2010) Cross-lingual Interaction Online: Blogging the 2010 Haitian Earthquake. MSc Thesis, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
- Hale, S.A. (2008) Unsupervised Threshold for Automatic Extraction of Dolphin Dorsal Fin Outlines from Digital Photographs in DARWIN (Digital Analysis and Recognition of Whale Images on a Network). Senior Thesis, Eckerd College, 2008.
- Bright, J, Margetts, H., Wang, N., and Hale, S. (2015) Explaining Usage Patterns in Open Government Data: The Case of Data.Gov.UK. Working Paper.
- Margetts, H., John, P., Reissfelder, S. and Hale, S. (2012) Applying Social Influence to Collective Action: Heterogeneous Personality Effects.
Hale, S. (forthcoming) Cross-language exchanges, information diversity, and performance of online communities. DPhil Thesis, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
Director of Graduate Studies and Professor of Social Informatics
Recorded: 15 January 2016 Duration: 00:15:01
Presentation on Scott Hale's Wikipedia research, on the occasion of Wikipedia's 15th Birthday.
Recorded: 8 November 2013 Duration: 00:17:39
The launch of online government petition platforms allows for the passive study of all petitions to government. Scott Hale gives a brief overview of OII findings related to three government petition platforms and the future directions being pursued.
Recorded: 26 September 2012 Duration: 00:10:55
Scott Hale discusses visualisation during a seminar on quantitative methods in social media research held at the OII on 26 September 2012. How can we visualise data collected by social media? How does visualisation relate to statistical analysis?
28 March 2016 The Economist
The Economist explains the role of social media in political campaigning and draws heavily on the work of Helen Margetts and others in recently published 'Political Turbulence'
26 March 2016 The Economist
Examining collective action and the role of social media, the Economist draws on the work of Helen Margetts and colleagues in recently published 'Political Turbulence'
26 February 2016 Science
Review of ‘Political Turbulence’ by Helen Margetts, Peter John, Taha Yasseri and Scott Hale. It ‘contributes an important series of creatively and rigorously researched insights into the social mechanics of Internet-based collective action’
18 February 2016 Fusion
English is the dominant internet language which causes difficulties for the non-Anglophone world. Mark Graham and Scott Hale are quoted.
17 February 2016 openDemocracy UK
Stuart Weir extensively reviews recently published ' Political Turbulence' which he describes as revelatory. He also highlights the multi-disciplinary nature of OII research.
21 January 2016 Times Higher Education
In his review of recently published 'Political Turbulence', by Helen Margetts and colleagues, Ivor Gabor says that organising and agitating online can be a powerful mover of change.
29 May 2015 The Guardian
A Digital Guardian article which explores in depth the effects of language on internet use draws heavily on work done by OII researchers.
11 March 2014 Motherboard Magazine
On the Web's 25th anniversary, Scott Hale contributes to an article outlining the history of (and differences between) the Internet and the Web.
13 December 2013 MIT Technology Review
Wikipedia's various language editions often carry entirely different content. Scott Hale has identified a small band of multilingual editors who are working to change that.
4 September 2013 BBC News, Politics
Nearly all e-petitions are doomed to become 'digital dust' say Helen Margetts and colleagues whose work on 'Big Data and Collective Action' is featured in an in-depth article on BBC News online.
4 April 2013 The Frontline
The specialist technology site reports on work by a team led by Scott Hale, examining petitions created on the 10 Downing Street site over two years. E-petitions are more a popularity contest that a way for Britons to get their voice heard, it says.
12 January 2013 Jarrow and Hebburn Gazette
Regional newspaper, the Jarrow and Hebburn Gazette highlights the references to the football clubs of the North East in the Premier League Twitter map created by the OII team.
11 January 2013 University of Oxford
A team from the OII has created an interactive Twitter map to find out where conversations about premier league football clubs originate. It shows that there are fewer Manchester United fans in London and the south-east than is popularly assumed.
11 January 2013 ITV
ITV reports the work of the OII team on the interactive Premier League Twitter map.
11 January 2013 India Blooms
India based web-site reports the work of the OII team on the interactive Premier League Twitter map.
11 January 2013 Anchorfan
Social Sport News site reports on the interactive map produced by Mark Graham and the OII team which maps twitter conversations about Premier League football clubs.
11 January 2013 Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph highlights the ‘fascinating’ map plotting Twitter conversations about Premier League Football clubs created by a team at the OII.
11 January 2013 The Guardian
The interactive map of geotagged Tweets mentioning Premier League teams or associated hashtags created by the team at the OII features on the Data Store Show and Tell page of the Guardian.
26 March 2012 The Atlantic
The message of the OII's interactive iBook "Geographies of the World's Knowledge" confirms that the Anglophone world dominates academic and user-generating publishing and rich countries dominate the production of user content.
14 April 2011 Oxford Internet Institute
Capturing the extent of cross-language linking in the blogosphere gives an indication of bloggers' use and awareness of foreign language content (such as news), and consequently the connectedness or insularity of different languages in the blogosphere.
Interactive Visualizations on 11 Apr 2016 03:12AM
Released in 2012, the sigma.js plugin for Gephi allows for the interactive display of network data in a web browser using open-source technologies, principally sigma.js. The HTML framework and Gephi plugin were a collaborative effort by Scott A. Hale, [...]
Scott Hale on 28 May 2015 15:36PM
A recent article in the Guardian newspaper by Holly Yong surveys much research about online language divides, including my work on multilingualism and cross-language bridging: Translation technologies offer one solution to bridging online language [...]
Scott Hale on 27 Apr 2014 13:47PM
As I prepare my slides for CHI 2014, I’m struck by one implication I give for the research I will present on language and Twitter, “Allow each user to have a set of multiple preferred languages;” or, more simply: consider … [...]
Scott Hale on 12 Jan 2013 01:29AM
I recently had the pleasure of building my first interactive map visualization using Leaflet with Joshua R. Melville and the Floatingsheep team, who have written more about the methodology. I'm drafting more about developing the visualization itself, but [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 15 Nov 2012 11:27AM
Similar to the map builder, there is a web-based version of the network builder under development. The web based version is useful as it provides immediate feedback on a new interactive visualization — due to browser security restrictions the [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 11 Nov 2012 15:03PM
After initial testing in our closed beta period, the InteractiveVis team is very happy to open the Interactive Map Builder to everyone. All you need is some interesting data at a country level — or use our literacy data to start. Information about [...]
Scott Hale on 5 Nov 2012 21:03PM
Update: 6 November 2012 – US map featured in the Guardian. I’ve not blogged for a while on this site, because I’ve been doing lots of blogging on the InteractiveVis project site. InteractiveVis is a project to create easy to … [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 5 Nov 2012 20:55PM
Update: 6 November 2012 – Featured in the Guardian. Interactive world maps are great, but the excitement over the US Presidential Election left us wanting to get a bit more detail. Data collected by Mark Graham, Adham Tamer, Ning Wang, and I (Scott [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 29 Oct 2012 11:44AM
Scott Hale, of the InteractiveVis project team, will lead an introductory talk on network visualization next Wednesday, 7 November at Oxford’s IT Services. All from the university are welcome to this free event. The talk will cover basic steps to collect, [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 24 Oct 2012 22:26PM
Behind every visualization is data. After some extensive internal testing we are preparing to release a wizard to create map visualizations next week. This wizard will require the data in spreadsheet form as a Google Spreadsheet. (We’d welcome suggestions [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 29 Sep 2012 13:15PM
Internet Explorer Compatibility The Interactive Visualizations are standards compliant, but not all browsers are. We are relying on the Sigma.js framework to display network visualizations. This library loads networks from an XML (gexf) file and displays [...]
Scott Hale on 3 Sep 2012 13:06PM
Eli Pariser has raised awareness that personalization algorithms play in filtering and ranking results on the web. I think this work is very important, but another strand seemingly obvious, but surprisingly lacking study, is the role that language plays. [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 23 Aug 2012 04:13AM
skip to the demo… As with the network diagrams discussed earlier, geographic data can often benefit from the ability to be explored in an interactive manner. The World Bank has many statistics on a per country basis as do other organizations. The [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 8 Aug 2012 09:45AM
This post lays out some of the importance of interactivity for network diagrams and we think is well worth a read (or at least a skim!); however, if you wish to skip to the demos, these are linked at the end of the post. Visualizing network data is a [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 8 Aug 2012 09:15AM
From the beginning of this project, we have been keen to build upon the best of the existing tools and not “reinvent the wheel.” At the same time, however, we have set ourselves some unique parameters to allow the widest use of visualizations [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 31 Jul 2012 10:21AM
The OII InteractiveVis team has been busy at work and anticipates an exciting release of two demo visualizations extremely soon. In the meantime, there is lots to share, and I wanted to share one item now (can you tell we’re more into coding than [...]
Scott Hale on 13 Jul 2012 18:09PM
I’ve recently been able to meet some spectacular individuals who are working on various aspects of cross-language communication. This blog post won’t to justice to all of their work; so, please click to their websites and learn more. Irene [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 7 Jun 2012 15:22PM
We’re very excited to be starting this project and getting underway. Initial project meetings have mapped out our timeline and initial goals and now we’re off to survey some of the existing libraries available for producing interactive visualizations at a [...]
Interactive Visualizations on 16 May 2012 07:16AM
The InteractiveVis project, funded by JISC from May to September 2012, aims to allow easy creation of interactive visualisations for geospatial and network data using native web technologies (HTML5, CSS3, and SVG) and allow these visualisations to be [...]
Scott Hale on 23 Mar 2012 11:28AM
Update: 25 June 2012 The project has been choosen by JISC to receive funding. Further information on the project and status updates will be communicated via the InteractiveVis project blog. Update: 27 March 2012 We’ve been successful in getting 150 [...]