Han-Teng Liao is a student of various disciplines whose research aims to reconsider the role of keywords (as in understanding "keyword advertising" using knowledge from sociolinguistics and information science) and hyperlinks (webometrics) in shaping the sense of "fellow users" in digital networked environments. He holds an MSc in Computer Science and Information Engineering, an MA in Journalism, a BSc in Electrical Engineering and a BA in Foreign Languages and Literatures, all from the National Taiwan University.
Specifically, his DPhil project is a comparative study of two major user-contributed Chinese encyclopedias, Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. Based on data of various sources (webometric data, public discourses, field observations and interviews), he expects that Chinese Wikipedia, as the local embodiment of the larger global Wikipedia movement, has the potential to integrate knowledge from previously segregated linguistic, political and cultural spheres among regions such as Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. More so than Baidu Baike which, as a follow-on and competing project launched by China's leading search engine company, in effect reinforces Beijing's official boundary between filtered and unfiltered Internet.
Using the empirical findings of the comparative case study of Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike, Han-Teng has developed a conceptual framework that is not confined to the Chinese-language Internet, but rather a set of conceptual and methodological tools to understand the formation and interconnection of online language areas: Both human- and computer-based efforts shape the way people exchange, explore and prioritise their voices. As a result, digitised linguistic and geographic materials become the necessary conditions for the way in which online language areas (or Net Sprachraum) are made and interconnected.
This concept of online language areas fills the gap, and resolves some tensions, between the concept of "networked individualism" and "nationalised cyberspace", pointing to some of the significant recent Internet development, including Chinese-speaking and Arabic-speaking Internets, as online language areas that play central roles in realising and shaping the way how the Internet is truly inter-connected, both within and across, languages and regions.
net linguistics, Chinese-written Internet, Internet governance, political communication, Internet filtering
Positions held at the OII
- DPhil student, October 2007 -
November 2010 -
This project brings together OII research fellows and doctoral students to shed light on the incorporation of new users and information into the Wikipedia community.
- Petzold, T., Liao, H.-T., Hartley, J., and Potts, J. (2012) A world map of knowledge in the making: Wikipedia's inter-language linkage as a dependency explorer of global knowledge accumulation. Leonardo: Art, Science and Technology 45 (3) 284–284. doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00376
- Liao, H.-T., and Petzold, T. (2011) Analysing geo-linguistic dynamics of the World Wide Web: The use of cartograms and network analysis to understand linguistic development in Wikipedia. Cultural Science 3(2).
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Politically and geographically colorful: Revolution, regime and color in China. GLIMPSE: the art + science of seeing, 2(2).
- Liao, H. (2009) Conflict and Consensus in the Chinese version of Wikipedia. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 28(2) 49–56. doi:10.1109/MTS.2009.932799.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) Are Chinese characters not modern enough? An essay on their role online. GLIMPSE: the art + science of seeing 2 (1): 16–24.
- Liao, H. (2008) Forum: Open Source Textbook -- Lessons from Wikipedia [in Chinese] (論壇：開放式教科書—維基百科的啟示). Journal of Textbook Research (教科書研究) 1 (2) 129-135.
- Liao, H. (2008) On Academic Freedom, Governance, and Collaboration: An "Internet Governance" Perspective [in Chinese] (論學術自由、治理、與合作：一個網際網路治理的觀點). Cultural Studies Monthly (文化研究月報) (82).
- Liao, H.-T. (2006) Towards creative da-tong: An alternative notion of Creative Industries for China. International Journal of Cultural Studies 9 (3): 395-406.
- Liao, H.-T. (2003) From National Commemorations to Carnivals: A media event analysis of 1994-2003 New Year Eve Party [in Chinese] (從開國紀念日到跨年狂歡: 以媒體事件觀點分析1994-2003台灣跨年晚會). Chinese Journal of Communication Research (中華傳播學刊) (3) 37–82.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) Online Encyclopedia (网上/网络百科全书); User Generated Content (用户生成内容). In L. Cheng (Ed.) The Internet in China: An Encyclopedic Handbook of Online Business, Information Distribution, and Social Connectivity. Berkshire Publishing.
- Petzold, T., and Liao, H.-T. (2011) Geo-linguistic analysis of the World Wide Web: The use of cartograms and network analysis to understand linguistic development in Wikipedia. In D. Araya, Y. Breindl, and T. J. Houghton (Eds), Nexus: New Intersections in Internet Research. New York: Peter Lang, pp. 55–75.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How do Baidu Baike and Chinese Wikipedia filter contribution? A case study of network gatekeeping (Under review). WikiSym 2013: The Joint International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Hong Kong, 5-7 August 2013.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How does localisation influence online visibility of user-generated encyclopaedias? A case study on Chinese-language Search Engine Result Pages (SERPs). WikiSym 2013: The Joint International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Hong Kong, 5-7 August 2013.
- Liao, H.-T., Fu, K., Jiang, M., and Wang, N. (2013) Chinese Web Data: Definition, Uses, and Scholarship. 11th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2013), Oxford, UK, 15 June 2013.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How does Chinese localisation influence online visibility? A study on Chinese-language Search Engine Result Pages (SERPs). 11th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2013), Oxford, UK, 15 June 2013.
- Nigh, A., and Liao, H.-T. (2011) Linguistic Networked Readiness Index for selected languages in China. 9th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2011). Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Linguistic Networked Readiness and Its Policy Implications: Selected Cases in India and China. 11th Annual Conference on Science and Technology in Society, Washington DC.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) The cultural politics of user-generated encyclopaedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. 4th International Forum for Contemporary China Studies (IFCCS4), University of Nottingham, UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) The cultural politics of user-generated encyclopaedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. Digital East Asia conference 2011. Modern East Asia Research Centre (MEARC) at Leiden University, Heague, the Netherlands.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Keyword economy of the Web: Seeking order in open linguistic materials. Theorizing the Web Conference 2011, College Park, MD.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Keyword Economy: Search engines as techno-linguistic artefacts. 60th Annual Meeting of of the International Communication Association, Singapore.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Diffusion of innovation in the Chinese-written Internet: replacing early adopters. Networks in Chinese Society, Pembroke College, Oxford UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Selective Diffusion of the ICT development in East Asia. Annual Conference of European Association of Taiwan Studies (EATS), Tubingen, Germany.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Diffusion of Digital Hanzi (Chinese Characters) technology in East Asia. In IOS-IASA Joint Workshop of Young Sociologists. Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) User-generated Encyclopedia as Critical Case of Keyword Economy. Critical Point Of View: Wikiwars. The Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) Special speech zones and diversity in the Chinese-written Internet. 7th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2009). Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) From Standard Follower to Network Player: Taiwan's Place in the World's Internet. 15th Annual North American Taiwan Studies Conference. University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) The plausibility of estimating linguistic diversity using online encyclopaedias. WebSci'09: Society On-Line, Athens, Greece.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Chinese-written Internet: diversity and segregation. 6th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2008). The Journalism and Media Studies Centre, University of Hong Kong.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Using Wikimedia's resources for learning Mandarin Chinese. Languages of the wider world: valuing diversity. SOAS, University of London.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Conflictual consensus in the Chinese version of Wikipedia. 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS 08). Fredericton, Canada.
- Liao H.-T. (2008) On "Dai-tong"/Commons: An Internet construct (論帶同: 一個互聯網的建構概念). 10th Annual Conference of Communication Association of China, Shenzhen, China.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Redefining Chinese Internet and cyber-nationalism: the case of the Chinese version of Wikipedia. China Postgraduate Network, Institute of Chinese Studies, University of Oxford, UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) How the two Chinese online encyclopaedias document the Olympic flame relay. Documenting the Beijing Olympics, SOAS, University of London.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) How Wiki can exploit linguistic diversity. WikiSym 2008, Porto, Portugal.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) A webometric comparison of Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike and its implications for understanding the Chinese-speaking Internet. 9th annual Internet Research Conference: Rethinking Community, Rethinking Place. Copenhagen.
- Hale, S. A., Petzold, T. and Liao, H. (2011) Language and the Internet: Developing a language-intelligent approach. Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin, Germany, 28 October 2011.
- Liao, H.-T. (2004) From Commemorations to Carnivals: On Emergent Popular-Culture Nationalism in Taiwan [in Chinese, English abstract available] (Dissertation for MA Journalism: University of Taiwan).
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Needing to Have a Voice: Linguistic Grouping in the Digital Networked Environment. ISD Working Papers in New Diplomacy. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
- Liao, H. (2009) The First Class for the Internet [in Chinese]. The First Popular Science Writing Award for Social and Applied Sciences. Taiwan: National Science Council.
- Liao H.-T. (2003) Sewage and Fibre Network: SARS reminds us of human contact [In Chinese]. (下水道與光纖: SARS重拾人的接觸). Cultural Studies Monthly (文化研究月報) (29).
Liao, H. (forthcoming) The Cultural Politics of User-Generated Encyclopedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu. DPhil Thesis, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
MSc Programme Director and Senior Research Fellow
27 October 2013 New York Times
An article looking at so-called ‘edit wars’ – conflicts between Wikpedia’s editors - in China carries a comment from Liao Hanteng,
Han-Teng Liao on 29 Sep 2013 18:12PM
On 11 September 2013, I gave this following talk in a “Big Data, Small Data” YouTube Cinema that I co-organized with other three summer fellows at the Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society. By showing videos that we pick individually … [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 21 Sep 2013 10:22AM
Thanks to Dr. Angel Lin‘s invitation, I had an interesting exchange with professors and students at the Faculty of Education Hong Kong University. Dr. Lin in particular welcomes this new critical perspective for using information and communication [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 13 Sep 2013 12:00PM
Professor Thomas Petzold and I co-authored a short article “Governing a polyglot Internet“, for the latest issue of WZB-Mitteilungen. In this article, we use the term “five-percent gamble” to describe how decisions taken by the [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 12 Sep 2013 11:52AM
The most recent Wikipedia Signpost mentioned my research findings presented in Wikisym 2013 on Chinese search engine result pages (SERPs) on a particular question that is beyond Chinese Internet research: Does Google secretly favour Wikipedia? Or it is [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 6 Aug 2013 02:32AM
Thanks to Dr. Angel Lin‘s invitation, I will be giving a talk at the University of Hong Kong. Google map of the building, Runme Shaw Building (邵仁枚樓) is provided here. 13 August 2013 (Tuesday), 12:45 – 2:00 pm Room 205, Runme Shaw Building … [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 1 Aug 2013 20:01PM
Wikisym + OpenSym 2013 (The Joint International Symposium on Open Collaboration) will be held in Hong Kong on Aug 5-7, 2013, which will be the first time for Wikisym to be hosted in the Asian region, and also the first time outside North … Continue [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 29 Jul 2013 17:06PM
Press-friendly background materials：This post is prepared for the journalists, reporters and media organizations who want to cover the Wikimania 2013 and Wikisym+ Opensym 2013, on the topics of China’s or Chinese-language “user-generated [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 23 Jul 2013 21:46PM
As search engines and other ranking and sorting software devices promise efficient and rational outcomes, many researchers started to question the calculation or math behind them, including the research interests on “governing algorithms” or [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 7 Jun 2013 09:16AM
My personal thanks to Wikimedia UK, Wikisym 2013 and Digital.Humanities@Oxford Summer School, I will present my findings at the Wikisym+OpenSym 2013 and do public engagement work for both English- and Chinese-language audience regarding the global-local [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 7 May 2013 03:19AM
This blog post provides some basic geo-linguistic analysis of the findings explained in the previous blog post. Geo-linguistic information can be extracted from the data to consider the geographic and linguistic factors of the web links . geo-IP First, [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 6 May 2013 12:08PM
It has been reported that (and speculated why) the global leader of search engines Google has consistently favoured the global leader of user-generated encyclopedias Wikipedia by showing relevant pages frequently and prominently in the search engine [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 6 May 2013 08:46AM
After discussing the historical hypothesis of maritime Internet, this blog post will discuss the emerging continental Internet and how it is distinctive from the maritime Internet, using China’s Internet as a case. “Domestic” terrestrial [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 30 Apr 2013 08:41AM
I further argue that the Maritime Internet hypothesis is of great importance to Chinese Internet research and Chinese studies because of the following reasons. .... [caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="auto"] Han Chinese population in the [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 30 Apr 2013 05:27AM
Submarine communications cables make the global Internet, thereby indicating the uses, investment, expectations, geographic diffusion and historical dependencies of its development. Based on the figures and arguments made in this article , the two [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 16 Apr 2013 02:31AM
My findings show that the English/Chinese Ratio is at 3.63 and Japanese/Chinese ratio is at 1.34. It means that a twit (or a Sina Weibo message) of 140-character in Chinese language can convey 3.63 times of the English-written content or 1.34 times of [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 12 Apr 2013 17:43PM
As the visualization of internet user growth in East Asian and Chinese regions indicate, the internet development in China experienced better-than-history growth after 2006. Based on further examination of the data using innovation diffusion theory, I [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 8 Apr 2013 17:55PM
How have the Internet users been growing across the East Asian and Chinese Regions? Based on ITU and CNNIC datasets, I have gathered related data on the Internet penetration rates (percentage of the Internet users) from 1995 to 2012 and … Continue [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 14 Sep 2012 05:40AM
Based on publicly available data and statistics on internet penetration rate in Chinese and East Asian regions, Han-Teng Liao finds an anomaly in the growth of the internet users in mainland China, which does not fit the predicted pattern of innovation [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 15 Mar 2012 07:17AM
I will give a talk on Friday, March 23, 2012, titled "All the News That’s Fit to Click: Journalism on the Web", as one of the media research seminar hosted by JMSC, Hong Kong University. My thanks to Professor King-Wa Fu and Professor Miklos Sukosd at [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 29 Feb 2012 14:25PM
In particular, the U.S. government and Internet companies should reexamine their roles in accommodating and aggregating local voices, by including much needed cultural and linguistic sensibilities that have been the expert domains of traditional [...]