Han-Teng Liao is a student of various disciplines whose research aims to reconsider the role of keywords (as in understanding "keyword advertising" using knowledge from sociolinguistics and information science) and hyperlinks (webometrics) in shaping the sense of "fellow users" in digital networked environments. He holds an MSc in Computer Science and Information Engineering, an MA in Journalism, a BSc in Electrical Engineering and a BA in Foreign Languages and Literatures, all from the National Taiwan University.
Specifically, his DPhil project is a comparative study of two major user-contributed Chinese encyclopedias, Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. Based on data of various sources (webometric data, public discourses, field observations and interviews), he expects that Chinese Wikipedia, as the local embodiment of the larger global Wikipedia movement, has the potential to integrate knowledge from previously segregated linguistic, political and cultural spheres among regions such as Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. More so than Baidu Baike which, as a follow-on and competing project launched by China's leading search engine company, in effect reinforces Beijing's official boundary between filtered and unfiltered Internet.
Using the empirical findings of the comparative case study of Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike, Han-Teng has developed a conceptual framework that is not confined to the Chinese-language Internet, but rather a set of conceptual and methodological tools to understand the formation and interconnection of online language areas: Both human- and computer-based efforts shape the way people exchange, explore and prioritise their voices. As a result, digitised linguistic and geographic materials become the necessary conditions for the way in which online language areas (or Net Sprachraum) are made and interconnected.
This concept of online language areas fills the gap, and resolves some tensions, between the concept of "networked individualism" and "nationalised cyberspace", pointing to some of the significant recent Internet development, including Chinese-speaking and Arabic-speaking Internets, as online language areas that play central roles in realising and shaping the way how the Internet is truly inter-connected, both within and across, languages and regions.
net linguistics, Chinese-written Internet, Internet governance, political communication, Internet filtering
Positions held at the OII
- DPhil student, October 2007 -
November 2010 -
This project brings together OII research fellows and doctoral students to shed light on the incorporation of new users and information into the Wikipedia community.
- Petzold, T., Liao, H.-T., Hartley, J., and Potts, J. (2012) A world map of knowledge in the making: Wikipedia's inter-language linkage as a dependency explorer of global knowledge accumulation. Leonardo: Art, Science and Technology 45 (3) 284–284. doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00376
- Liao, H.-T., and Petzold, T. (2011) Analysing geo-linguistic dynamics of the World Wide Web: The use of cartograms and network analysis to understand linguistic development in Wikipedia. Cultural Science 3(2).
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Politically and geographically colorful: Revolution, regime and color in China. GLIMPSE: the art + science of seeing, 2(2).
- Liao, H. (2009) Conflict and Consensus in the Chinese version of Wikipedia. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 28(2) 49–56. doi:10.1109/MTS.2009.932799.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) Are Chinese characters not modern enough? An essay on their role online. GLIMPSE: the art + science of seeing 2 (1): 16–24.
- Liao, H. (2008) Forum: Open Source Textbook -- Lessons from Wikipedia [in Chinese] (論壇：開放式教科書—維基百科的啟示). Journal of Textbook Research (教科書研究) 1 (2) 129-135.
- Liao, H. (2008) On Academic Freedom, Governance, and Collaboration: An "Internet Governance" Perspective [in Chinese] (論學術自由、治理、與合作：一個網際網路治理的觀點). Cultural Studies Monthly (文化研究月報) (82).
- Liao, H.-T. (2006) Towards creative da-tong: An alternative notion of Creative Industries for China. International Journal of Cultural Studies 9 (3): 395-406.
- Liao, H.-T. (2003) From National Commemorations to Carnivals: A media event analysis of 1994-2003 New Year Eve Party [in Chinese] (從開國紀念日到跨年狂歡: 以媒體事件觀點分析1994-2003台灣跨年晚會). Chinese Journal of Communication Research (中華傳播學刊) (3) 37–82.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) Online Encyclopedia (网上/网络百科全书); User Generated Content (用户生成内容). In L. Cheng (Ed.) The Internet in China: An Encyclopedic Handbook of Online Business, Information Distribution, and Social Connectivity. Berkshire Publishing.
- Petzold, T., and Liao, H.-T. (2011) Geo-linguistic analysis of the World Wide Web: The use of cartograms and network analysis to understand linguistic development in Wikipedia. In D. Araya, Y. Breindl, and T. J. Houghton (Eds), Nexus: New Intersections in Internet Research. New York: Peter Lang, pp. 55–75.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How do Baidu Baike and Chinese Wikipedia filter contribution? A case study of network gatekeeping (Under review). WikiSym 2013: The Joint International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Hong Kong, 5-7 August 2013.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How does localisation influence online visibility of user-generated encyclopaedias? A case study on Chinese-language Search Engine Result Pages (SERPs). WikiSym 2013: The Joint International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Hong Kong, 5-7 August 2013.
- Liao, H.-T., Fu, K., Jiang, M., and Wang, N. (2013) Chinese Web Data: Definition, Uses, and Scholarship. 11th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2013), Oxford, UK, 15 June 2013.
- Liao, H.-T. (2013) How does Chinese localisation influence online visibility? A study on Chinese-language Search Engine Result Pages (SERPs). 11th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2013), Oxford, UK, 15 June 2013.
- Nigh, A., and Liao, H.-T. (2011) Linguistic Networked Readiness Index for selected languages in China. 9th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2011). Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Linguistic Networked Readiness and Its Policy Implications: Selected Cases in India and China. 11th Annual Conference on Science and Technology in Society, Washington DC.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) The cultural politics of user-generated encyclopaedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. 4th International Forum for Contemporary China Studies (IFCCS4), University of Nottingham, UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) The cultural politics of user-generated encyclopaedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike. Digital East Asia conference 2011. Modern East Asia Research Centre (MEARC) at Leiden University, Heague, the Netherlands.
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Keyword economy of the Web: Seeking order in open linguistic materials. Theorizing the Web Conference 2011, College Park, MD.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Keyword Economy: Search engines as techno-linguistic artefacts. 60th Annual Meeting of of the International Communication Association, Singapore.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Diffusion of innovation in the Chinese-written Internet: replacing early adopters. Networks in Chinese Society, Pembroke College, Oxford UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Selective Diffusion of the ICT development in East Asia. Annual Conference of European Association of Taiwan Studies (EATS), Tubingen, Germany.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) Diffusion of Digital Hanzi (Chinese Characters) technology in East Asia. In IOS-IASA Joint Workshop of Young Sociologists. Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei.
- Liao, H.-T. (2010) User-generated Encyclopedia as Critical Case of Keyword Economy. Critical Point Of View: Wikiwars. The Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) Special speech zones and diversity in the Chinese-written Internet. 7th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2009). Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) From Standard Follower to Network Player: Taiwan's Place in the World's Internet. 15th Annual North American Taiwan Studies Conference. University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
- Liao, H.-T. (2009) The plausibility of estimating linguistic diversity using online encyclopaedias. WebSci'09: Society On-Line, Athens, Greece.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Chinese-written Internet: diversity and segregation. 6th Annual Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC 2008). The Journalism and Media Studies Centre, University of Hong Kong.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Using Wikimedia's resources for learning Mandarin Chinese. Languages of the wider world: valuing diversity. SOAS, University of London.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Conflictual consensus in the Chinese version of Wikipedia. 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS 08). Fredericton, Canada.
- Liao H.-T. (2008) On "Dai-tong"/Commons: An Internet construct (論帶同: 一個互聯網的建構概念). 10th Annual Conference of Communication Association of China, Shenzhen, China.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) Redefining Chinese Internet and cyber-nationalism: the case of the Chinese version of Wikipedia. China Postgraduate Network, Institute of Chinese Studies, University of Oxford, UK.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) How the two Chinese online encyclopaedias document the Olympic flame relay. Documenting the Beijing Olympics, SOAS, University of London.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) How Wiki can exploit linguistic diversity. WikiSym 2008, Porto, Portugal.
- Liao, H.-T. (2008) A webometric comparison of Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike and its implications for understanding the Chinese-speaking Internet. 9th annual Internet Research Conference: Rethinking Community, Rethinking Place. Copenhagen.
- Hale, S. A., Petzold, T. and Liao, H. (2011) Language and the Internet: Developing a language-intelligent approach. Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin, Germany, 28 October 2011.
- Liao, H.-T. (2004) From Commemorations to Carnivals: On Emergent Popular-Culture Nationalism in Taiwan [in Chinese, English abstract available] (Dissertation for MA Journalism: University of Taiwan).
- Liao, H.-T. (2011) Needing to Have a Voice: Linguistic Grouping in the Digital Networked Environment. ISD Working Papers in New Diplomacy. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
- Liao, H. (2009) The First Class for the Internet [in Chinese]. The First Popular Science Writing Award for Social and Applied Sciences. Taiwan: National Science Council.
- Liao H.-T. (2003) Sewage and Fibre Network: SARS reminds us of human contact [In Chinese]. (下水道與光纖: SARS重拾人的接觸). Cultural Studies Monthly (文化研究月報) (29).
Liao, H. (forthcoming) The Cultural Politics of User-Generated Encyclopedias: Comparing Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu. DPhil Thesis, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
MSc Programme Director and Senior Research Fellow
27 October 2013 New York Times
An article looking at so-called ‘edit wars’ – conflicts between Wikpedia’s editors - in China carries a comment from Liao Hanteng,
Han-Teng Liao on 20 Oct 2014 14:02PM
There are existing and ongoing research projects related to national web studies, including “Mapping Iran Online” and “Big UK Domain Data“. So how do we delineate and define Chinese Web? Please help provide your views in this [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 16 Oct 2014 16:07PM
So much has been said about Baidu-versus-Google comparison (e.g. Dr. Pattberg’s piece at BigThink), let us see how a fresh comparison between Baidu and Rocket-Internet can tell us. Some may immediately oppose such comparative attempt by pointing out [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 15 Oct 2014 10:54AM
In a nutshell, as democratic and civic practices have the potentials to spread across cultural-political boundaries online, authoritarian techniques and practices can be spread as well. Both methods and theories must be developed to, not only explain the [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 14 Jul 2014 13:12PM
It is sad to have this academic and public scandal associated with Taiwan, but it is not unexpected given the ways in which the publication citation indexes have been instrumental in distributing research funds in Taiwan. Have a look at … Continue [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 20 Jun 2014 00:30AM
What is the status of Chinese-language literature on Wikipedia research? To answer this, Zhang Bin and I have conducted an exploratory study of meta-search analysis based on 3464 data points produced by CNKI scholar and Google Scholar (including versions [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 19 Jun 2014 18:51PM
China is a vast country with its internal and external geopolitical complexity. As China has the largest internet population under Beijing’s governance, the historical process of the Internet diffusion in China, i.e. the growing proportions of [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 19 Jun 2014 15:18PM
I have won the OxTALENT Awards this year 2014) in the category of Interactive Infographics. Part of the University Teaching Awards Scheme, the annual OxTALENT Awards recognise and reward excellence in teaching and learning supported by ICT at Oxford. [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 17 Jun 2014 05:48AM
What do Chinese-language microblog users do with Baidu Baike and Chinese Wikipedia? To answer this, I have conducted a case study of information engagement based on more than 40,000 microblog posts provided by the WeiboScope (University of Hong Kong) and [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 16 Jun 2014 08:08AM
There are many ways to wrangle with the GDELT dataset, including Google’s BigQuery (for BigData?) and James Houghton’s GDELT Data Wrangler, to name some. In the blog post I will share how I do the data chores with GDELT using … Continue [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 16 Jun 2014 02:39AM
This blog post documents my preliminary trial of the GDELT (Global database of events, language and tone) dataset, a project created by Kalev H. Leetaru, currently the Yahoo! Fellow in Residence of International Values, Communications Technology & [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 31 May 2014 18:14PM
I have developed a series of interactive cartograms with the hope to allow analysts to explore mainland Chinese statistics. The cartograms have visualized the time series data of the indicators below: Population (ten thousand people) 人口(万人) from 2003 to [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 30 May 2014 03:54AM
China’s National Bureau of Statistics has made several moves so far towards “more open and big data”. Late 2013, with 11 high-tech Chinese companies (including major Internet companies such as 中国联通、阿里巴巴、百度、58同城), it signed a strategic [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 24 May 2014 09:20AM
From user interface design to data integration, the use of country codes to manage a list of countries and their names is a common practice. Picking which list to use is also part of the design concerns of software and/or … Continue reading →
Han-Teng Liao on 23 May 2014 09:46AM
Several interactive infographics for (Han) Chinese language versions of Wikipedia are available. Compare the trendlines by clicking on the “zoom-pan” button. Hit the home button to come back to the original view. cdo: Min Dong [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 19 May 2014 07:13AM
Thanks to the questions raised by a veteran Wikipedian Federico Leva (Nemo), a Wikimedia research analyst Oliver Keyes (find the discussion thread “[Wiki-research-l] Wikipedia traffic: selected language versions”), I have the chance to clarify [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 16 May 2014 15:10PM
Regarding the viewing and editing traffic analysis reports of Wikipedia projects, I made a few more interactive infographics which show the historical changes since late 2011. (Historical numbers are scraped from the past versions archived by the Internet [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 14 May 2014 08:49AM
More than a hundred years ago, before the Royal Geographical Society in London, Sir Halford John Mackinder delivered a lecture on “The Geographical Pivot of History“(full text here), which has been described by geopolitical strategists/foreign [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 13 May 2014 08:39AM
The main difference between Wikipedia and major search engines such as Google and Bing in covering the world lies in their geolinguistic arrangement. To organize information and users, Wikipedia is based on languages whereas Google and Bing is based on [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 9 May 2014 17:41PM
Try inputing the phrase “Mothers should” into the search engines in all the languages you know. Do not stop at just reading the autocomplete results! Type into whatever you believe should finish the sentence and press enter: “Mothers [...]
Han-Teng Liao on 9 May 2014 03:13AM
For geolinguistic research on major websites, I start with Google’s support of the world through its country and language offerings, resulting in a few graphs and datasets for future research. Among its products, the Google Advanced Search has the [...]