Amir has a Ph.D in Geography from Trinity College Dublin. He was awarded a Trinity Research Studentship for his Ph.D and also received a grant from the Foundation of Urban and Regional Studies. Before joining the OII he worked as a Research Assistant at Trinity College Dublin, for an Irish Research Council funded project on the role of information and communication technologies in enterprise development and industrial change in Africa. Thereafter, he joined the University of Johannesburg as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in 2014. At UJ, he looked at the political economy of Indian engagements in Africa.

Amir has extensive experience of conducting research fieldwork both in India and Africa.

At the OII he works on the Geonet project, which investigates the changing connectivities associated with the rise of a knowledge economy in Sub-Saharan Africa and the role it plays in African development. His work focuses on digital work in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Research interests

Political Economy of Globalisation, Development Geography, Economic Geography, African Political Economy, Indian Political Economy, Information and Communications Technology, International Financial Institutions, Foreign direct Investments, Global Governance, International Relations/Diplomacy, Income Inequality, Poverty and the Poor, Social Movements, Research Design and Methods

Positions held at the OII

  • Researcher, December 2015 –


Current projects

  • GeoNet: Changing Connectivities and the Potentials of Sub-Saharan Africa’s Knowledge Economy

    Participants: Professor Mark Graham, Dr Stefano De Sabbata, Nicolas Friederici, Dr Christopher Foster, Sanna Ojanperä, Dr Mohammad Amir Anwar, Dr Fabian Braesemann, Michel Wahome

    This research project is examining the geographies, drivers, and effects of Sub-Saharan Africa's emerging information economies at a time of changing connectivity and Internet access across the region.


  • Wood, A., GRAHAM, M. and ANWAR, M. (2019) "Minimum Wages for Online Labour Platforms? Regulating the Global Gig Economy." In: 'The Digital Transformation of Labor (Open Access): Automation, the Gig Economy and Welfare Larsson, A. and Teigland, R. (eds.)Routledge Studies in Labour Economics. London: Routledge.
  • GRAHAM, M. and ANWAR, M. (2019) "The global gig economy: towards a planetary labour markets?" In: 'The Digital Transformation of Labor: Automation, the Gig Economy and Welfare' Larsson, A. and Teigland, R. (eds.)Routledeg Studies in Labour Economics. London: Routledge.
  • Anwar, M.A. (2018) "Connecting South Africa: ICTs, Uneven Development and Poverty Debates." In: The Geography of South Africa: Contemporary Changes and New Directions Knight, J. and Rogerson, C. (eds.)World Regional Geography Book Series. Springer.
  • Graham, M. and Anwar, M.A. (2018) "Two models for a fairer sharing economy" In: The Cambridge Handbook of Law and Regulation of the Sharing Economy Nestor Davidson, John Infranca, and MicheÌle Finck Davidson, N., Infranca, J. and Finck, M. (eds.). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Graham, M. and Anwar, M.A. (2017) "Digital Labour" In: Digital Geographies Ash, J., Kitchin, R. and Leszczynski, A. (eds.).

Journal articles


Internet publications