Nicolas was a postdoctoral researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute, working on the Geonet project. He studied how digital entrepreneurship works in environments that are far more challenging than Silicon Valley or London. His comparative grounded research covers African cities including Nairobi, Lagos, Accra, Kigali, and Harare. Nicolas is interested in the interplay of environmental factors with entrepreneurial motivations and capacities. Ultimately, this work addresses the question how and why digital entrepreneurship flourishes in some places but not in others.

Nicolas’ dissertation research at the OII focused on technology innovation hubs in Africa. The thesis proposed a theory of how hubs work, and how they differ from traditional and known forms of innovation intermediation and business incubation. During his doctoral studies, Nicolas paid a research visit to SCANCOR at Stanford, was a Clarendon Scholar, and received a fieldwork grant from the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship.

Until 2014, Nicolas was consultant for the Mobile Innovation for Development and ICT Policy & Regulation programs at infoDev (World Bank). He helped to coordinate and analyze infoDev’s global mobile incubation and entrepreneurship network of innovation hubs (“mLabs” and “mHubs”). He supported activities for innovation and talent sourcing, such as an online competition for mobile application developers. Nicolas is also contributed to projects on ICTs for post-conflict reconstruction, as well as the ICT Regulation and Broadband Strategies Toolkits.

Previously, Nicolas had published in broadband economics and policy, social online behavior, and knowledge management. He was a Fulbright scholar at Michigan State University, where he received a Master’s degree in Telecommunication, Information Studies and Media. He also holds a Diplom (equivalent to Master’s) in Media Studies and Media Management from the University of Cologne.

Nicolas continues to be active as a consultant, applying his insights to complex real-world problems in emerging markets. For instance, he recently helped the World Bank conduct an assessment of the digital entrepreneurship ecosystem in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Nicolas is an active member of researcher communities such as the Entrepreneurial Spaces and Collectivities, Research Forum Entrepreneurship Africa, and the Connectivity, Inclusion, and Inequality Group at the OII.

Research interests

Entrepreneurship, innovation, Africa, entrepreneurial ecosystems, digital economies, digital development.

Positions held at the OII

  • Research Associate, March 2020-
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, October 2016 – December 2019
  • DPhil Student, October 2013 – November 2016


Current projects

Past projects

  • GeoNet: Changing Connectivities and the Potentials of Sub-Saharan Africa’s Knowledge Economy

    Participants: Professor Mark Graham, Dr Stefano De Sabbata, Nicolas Friederici, Dr Christopher Foster, Sanna Ojanperä, Dr Mohammad Amir Anwar, Dr Fabian Braesemann, Michel Wahome

    This research project is examining the geographies, drivers, and effects of Sub-Saharan Africa's emerging information economies at a time of changing connectivity and Internet access across the region.


  • Hsieh, G. and Friederici, N. (2013) "Online Information: Access, Search and Exchange" In: The SAGE Handbook of Digital Technology Research. SAGE Publications Ltd. 58-70.
  • Friederici, N., Hullin, C. and Yamamichi, M. (2012) "mHealth" In: Information and Communications for Development 2012 Maximizing Mobile Kelly, T. (eds.)IC4D. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.

Conference papers

  • Friederici, N. (2014) "More Art than Science? Exploring the Roles of Technology Innovation Hubs for Urban Regions in Developing Countries", Ingenio EU-SPRI Forum Early Career Researcher Conference. SSRN. 1-34.
  • Friederici, N., Hsieh, G. and Lapinski, M. (2012) "Implications of Fear, Anxiety, and Shame for Social Health Websites", International Communication Association Annual Conference. All Academic, Inc.. 1-40.
  • Loebbecke, C., Crowston, K. and Friederici, N. (2011) "Integrated Customer-Focused Knowledge Portals: Design Challenges and Empirical Approaches", Academy of Management Annual Meeting. Academy of Management. 1-89.

Journal articles


  • Friederici, N. (2015) A Business Analytics Toolkit for Tech Hubs: Lessons Learned from infoDev’s mLabs and mHubs. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
  • Mann, L., Graham, M. and Friederici, N. (2015) The Internet and business process outsourcing in East Africa: Value chains and networks of connectivity-based enterprises in Rwanda. Oxford: Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
  • Friederici, N. (2014) The Business Models of mLabs and mHubs: An Evaluation of infoDev’s Mobile Innovation Support Pilots. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
  • Friederici, N. (2013) "Guiding Ideas from Mind to Market: Learning from infoDev’s Mobile Microwork Competition" In: Guiding Ideas from Mind to Market: Learning from infoDev’s Mobile Microwork Competition. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
  • Friederici, N. (2013) "Towards Transformation? ICT in Post-Conflict Rwanda" In: Towards Transformation? ICT in Post-Conflict Rwanda. Washington, DC: The World Bank.


  • Digital Capitalism and its Inequalities

    This course will explore what the digital has done, is doing, and will do to capitalism and all of those who live within it. It encourages students to ask questions about digital technologies and power: who do they empower?; who do they disempower?




Integrity Statement

My work at the OII has been financially supported by the Clarendon Fund, the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, the European Research Council (ERC) and, to a smaller extent, the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). I also hold a position at the Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society in Berlin, which has received major funding from Google (details on the institute’s funding and governance are disclosed on its website). As part of my knowledge transfer and policy activities, I have worked as a consultant for the World Bank and UNCTAD.