Innovation in Higher Education: building a better future?
Thursday 22 May 2014 10:00 - 16:00
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 500 5th Avenue North, Seattle, Washington, United States (see map and directions) Please note that this venue is not where the main ICA Conference is being held.
Registration for this preconference is: $50 (in addition to the ICA Conference registration fee). To register, please use the normal ICA Conference Registration process. Those attending ICA may register for this preconference, whether or not they are presenting a paper. Registration for the conference opened 15 January 2014.
Higher education is described as being in a time of crisis. In the US, tuition costs have been escalating beyond the cost of inflation for some years, students are building up significant debt, whilst completion rates are in decline. The higher education system is creaking under the strain of additional scrutiny from government, funders, parents and students, yet is struggling to re-invent itself to reduce costs whilst improving quality and increasing flexibility for learners. In a Europe facing the financial downturn, universities struggle to retain their public service ethos when budgets are under huge pressure. Elsewhere in the world, many countries plan dramatic expansion to their higher education systems to fuel their growing economies, but they are being held up by lack of infrastructure and the increased intellectual capital that is needed.
Higher education is becoming a global, Internet-based business. But few universities are equipped to fully embrace the potential that this offers. Few faculty were even aware of these seismic shifts until the recent publicity around Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) which provide access to free online courses by a wide range of universities and opened to students with any academic background. They are attracting millions of students from across the globe. To what extent though is the MOOC really revolutionary and disruptive, or is it being used cynically by the most elite institutions to further increase their brand power and assert their superiority, whilst the middle tier of institutions lose student numbers and academic credibility? Do MOOCs hold the potential to support the developing world in its academic ambitions, or are they just another example of neo-colonialism? And what about online learning more broadly – are we giving enough attention to the quiet revolution of blended learning that has been taken place over many years, and what that means for higher education?
Whether MOOCs succeed or fail, or quickly evolve to become something else, they offer a clarion-call for the higher education system to consider its future models and to test out new approaches to the way that it does its business – how it creates courses and course materials, how it teaches, how it supports students, how it accredits degrees, how it markets itself, how it covers its costs or makes a profit.
There is another, potentially more sinister perspective to the seemingly open philosophy of MOOCs. Behind the online learning systems, sophisticated data collection and analysis tools are being created that will gather and analyse information about each student as they move through the system, as they learn and interact with each other. This is valuable data and, for the first time, universities will have access to live information about the study habits of many millions of students, linked to their personal profile. The potential to use this data for the good, to develop increasingly adaptable and personalised learning systems, is huge; but therein also lies the potential for mis-use and, in the words of the for profit providers of education, for 'brand differentiation'. What are the implications of this innovation, for good and for bad – and are we giving enough due care and attention to how we allow this data this data to be used?
This 2014 ICA Preconference proposes to explore the issues raised by these developments, focusing on several interrelated questions:
Is higher education really in crisis or is it really a success story of a system that has adapted over time, and will survive the current challenges without major change?
What are the major innovation challenges for the higher education system and how can they best be addressed?
What do MOOCs mean for the future of higher education? Are they just a marketing device for elite institutions, or can they really be a force for the 'democratisation of education'? Or is there an option of a more incremental change in the materials and texts supporting campus-based students?
How is technology-enabled online learning more generally changing the nature of teaching and learning, the role of faculty and the teacher-student relationship?
What is the potential for the use of learner analytics and big data approaches to large-scale online education, and are there threats hidden in this advances?
We propose to invite abstracts of papers for presentation, and a selected number of keynote speakers to address these questions across a range of topical areas, including:
the current state of higher education, the challenges that it faces and whether it is really a system in crisis, focusing upon the different challenges facing systems across the globe;
innovation models that could help to transform higher education systems;
the potential of blended learning and MOOCs to catalyse the transformation of higher education;
the value and importance of learner data and the implications of both big data approaches and analytics for the development of personalised learning experiences;
issues related to the tracking of students and the collection of personal data, focusing on intellectual property rights;
sustainability of higher education, focused in particular on business models for MOOCs.
These are only indicative of the range of topics to be explored as the programme illustrates, the discussions promise to add new dimensions and challenge fundamental assumptions about the current state of higher education and its need to change.
Professor William H. Dutton, Oxford Internet Institute
Ms Sarah Porter, Oxford Internet Institute
Ian Dolphin, Executive Director, Apereo Foundation
Dr Kendall Guthrie, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Kevin Guthrie, President, Ithaka
Professor Jeff Haywood, University of Edinburgh
Brian Loader, Editor, iCS, and Director, School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of York
Professor Grainne Conole, University of Leicester
Professor Jeffrey Pomerantz, School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
|09:30 - 10:30|
Coffee and Informal Discussion
|10:00 - 10:05|
Welcome and Introduction – Kendall Guthrie and Yvonne M. Belanger, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
|10:05 - 10:15|
Digital Academe: Questions Framing the Day – Bill Dutton, OII, and Brian Loader, University of York, and iCS
The role of new technologies in higher education is among the most fragmented and contentious areas of communication research. Work in this area reflects both professional and scholarly activity, alongside strong commercial and political interests. The overlaps and tensions between these varied activities necessarily reflect the different priorities and goals of a wide range of actors and stakeholders. However, it is rare for these different groups to fully engage with each other. In this one-day session we hope to bring together academics and practitioners from all sides to critically consider innovations in higher education in ways that advance theory and practice.
This brief introduction will aim to put the individual research projects and critical perspectives in a larger context by providing a brief overview of trends transforming higher education, and raising questions central to the field of communication: What has been the role of communication and information technologies? Is there a unique role that communication researchers should play in bringing their expertise to bear in understanding stability and change in higher education? Can communication researchers bring new data or analytical perspectives to bear in informing and stimulating debate in ways that will influence the direction of change?
|10:15 - 11:30|
Keynote and Responses
Chair: Anabel Quan-Haase, University of Western Ontario (TBC)
Respondent: Yoram Kalman, Researcher, Open University of Israel
|11:30 - 12:45|
Panel on Innovations in Online Learning and Its Role in Higher Education: MOOCs, SNOCs, OOCs and Online Degrees
The initial panel will provide an opportunity for panellists to identify key innovations in higher education: What ideas are diffusing? What works? What does not? What do these suggest about the future of higher education - transformation or continuity?
Moderator: Rebecca Eynon
|12:45 - 13:15|
Lunch Break - pick up box lunches
|13:15 - 14:15|
Quick Fire Sessions
In the quick fire sessions each presenter will host at a round table. They will be prepared with a one-page poster with easy visuals or 5 slides printed as hand outs and present for 10 minutes. Listeners can write down follow up questions on a piece of white paper on each table for the groups that follow to react to. Participants rotate and can attend 3 of the 5 sessions.
Introduced by Bill Dutton
|14:15 - 15:15|
Panel on Improving the Online Learning Experience
What lessons have been learned from the many initiatives that can advance approaches to online learning? What works informally, such as in how individuals use the Internet outside the classroom, but also how can the Internet and related technologies enhance educational institutions, particularly universities and further education?
Moderator: Professor Jeffrey Pomerantz (TBC)
Respondent: George Veletsianos
|15:15 - 15:30|
Coffee, Tea Break
|15:30 - 16:30|
Panel on ‘Digital Academe: New Business Models, Analytics and Roles’
Many innovations in higher education are claimed to lack a viable business model, but new business models are being proposed. New forms of online learning are also generating new sources of data that could have value in shaping curricula and learning strategies. These initiatives might change the role of teachers, and classrooms, and create the need for more team based development of courses and more. Are these fundamental changes in the institutions of higher education, and if so, will this be for the better?
|16:30 - 17:00|
Closing Panel on Innovation in Higher Education: Developing a Research Agenda, Applying the Research on Your (Virtual) Campus
Moderators: Bill Dutton and Biran Loader
Panellists: Panellists: Kevin Guthrie, ITHAKA; Joe Walther, MSU & NTU; Matt McGarity, Un of Washington; and Kendall Guthrie, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Closing Remarks – Kendall Guthrie
- Baker, P.M.A. ‘21st Century Universities as Innovation Nodes: Communities of Learning, Research, and Collaboration’
- Bulger, M. and Cobo, C. ‘Pairing Evaluation with Innovation to Improve Learning Gains in Higher Education’
- Eynon, E. ‘Vote me up if you like my ideas!’ experiences of learning in a MOOC’
- Horn, L., Radford, A.W, Thornton, J. and Whitfield, K. ‘Finding and Developing Talent: Results from a Study Investigating the Role of Employers in the Future of MOOCs’
- Johri, A. ‘Lessons for Large-scale Learning and Teaching for Higher Education Institutions from Online Forums’
- Kalman, Y. ‘Free as in Beer, or Free as in MOOCs? Using Business Model Analysis to Cut through the Hype on Innovation in Higher Education’
- Katchuck, M. ‘Evaluating Peer Assessment for Post-secondary Online Writing Courses’
- Kellogg, S.B. ‘Patterns of Participant Interaction and Mechanisms Governing Social Network Structure in Two Massively Open Online Courses for Educators’
- Loader, B. ‘De-professionalizing the Networked Academic?’
- Markman, K.M. and Stallngs, L. ‘Synchronous Communication and Immediacy in the Online Classroom: A Call for Research and Practice’
- McGarity, M. ‘Noncredit MOOCs and Skills Training: An Examination of Coursera’s Public Speaking MOOC’
- Nesterko, S.O., Ho, A.D. and Blitzstein, J.K. ‘Interactive, Live Learner Analytics: Informing Personalized Learning and Institutional Strategy in MOOCs’
- Sparke, M. ‘Developing an Online Degree Program and a Comparison with MOOCs’
- Veletsianos, G. ‘The Design of Empowering and Inspirational Open Online Learning Experiences’
- Wei Peng, Rabindra (Robby) Tatan, and W. Laeeq Khan. ‘Ebooks in the Classroom: Adoption and Effects’
- Yao, H. ‘The New MOOCs: A Combination of IM and Radio Mode - The Learning Evolution for Chinese Foreign Language Learners?’
- Yaros, R. ‘The MEEC College Lecture or a “Manageable Environment for Collaboration”’
About the speakers
Professor William H. Dutton (Chair)
Professor of Internet Studies, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford
Ms Sarah Porter (Chair)
Visiting Fellow, Oxford Internet Institute, University of OxfordSarah Porter is a Visiting Fellow at the OII, and former director of JISC’s programmes on e-Learning, open educational resources, digital literacy, curriculum design, and e-portfolios.
Senior Research Scientist, and Associate Director of the Center for 21st Century Universities (C21U), Georgia Institute of Technology
Yvonne M. Belanger
Program Officer, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Dept of Statistics, Harvard UniversityJoseph K. Blitzstein is a Professor of the Practice in Statistics, and Co-director of Undergraduate Studies, Dept of Statistics, Harvard University.
Research Associate, Oxford Internet Institute, University of OxfordMonica Bulger is an educational researcher contributing policy research to multi-national groups such as UNICEF and the European Commission.
Research Fellow, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford
Professor Grainne Conole
University of Leicester
Lecturer and Research Fellow at the Department of Education and the OII, University of OxfordRebecca Eynon is a Lecturer and Research Fellow at the Department of Education and the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford
Dr Kendall Guthrie
Lead Senior Program Officer, Measurement, Learning and Evaluation, Postsecondary Education, US Programs, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
President of ITHAKA
Professor Jeff Haywood
University of Edinburgh
Michigan State UniversityCarrie Heeter is a Professor of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, Michigan State University and Director of MSU’s online graduate certificate in serious games.
Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, MA
Director, Center for Postsecondary Education Research, RTI InternationalLaura Horn is an expert in postsecondary education policy issues at RTI International.
Associate Professor, Department of Applied Information Technology, and Director of Digital Learning Lab, George Mason University
Senior Lecturer, Department of Management and Economics; Director, International Academic Initiatives. The Open University of Israel
School of Communications, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Shaun B. Kellogg
Research Associate , College of Education, Friday Institute of Innovation for Education, North Carolina State University
M. Laeeq Khan
Doctoral Candidate, Department of Media and Information, Michigan State University
Director of School of Social and Political Sciences, University of York, and Editor of iCS
Kris M. Markman
Department of Communication, University of Washington
Harvard EdX Research Fellow
Associate Professor, Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, Michigan State University
Professor Jeffrey Pomerantz
School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Associate Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies, School of Information and Library Science, University of North CarolinaJeffrey Pomerantz is Associate Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies, School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill where he is involved with Coursera.
Associate Professor, Information & Media Studies, University of Western Ontario, Canada
Alexandria Walton Radford
Program Director, Transition to College, RTI International
Rabindra (Robby) Ratan
Assistant Professor and AT&T Scholar, Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies and Media, Michigan State UniversityRabindra (Robby) Ratan is Assistant Professor and AT&T Scholar, Dept. of Telecommunication, Information Studies and Media, Michigan State University, and an affiliated faculty member of the College of Education’s program in Educational Psychology and Educational Technology.
University of WashingtonMatthew Sparke is a Professor of Geograhpy and International Studies, University of Washington, where he is developing a MOOC on globalization, and directing a new online BA.
Instructor and Director of 2381, Department of Communication, University of Memphis
Manager of Institutional Assessment and Accreditation at Duke University, Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina
Canada Research Chair of Innovative Learning and Technology and Professor at Royal Roads University’s School of Education and Technology
Communication and Media & Information, Michigan State UniversityJoseph B. Walther transitions this summer from Michigan State University's Communication and Media & Information departments to become Wee Kim Wee Professor of Communication Studies at Nanyang Technological University. He is an ICA Fellow and former chair of the Communication and Technology Division.
Professor and Vice Provost for Academic Affairs, Duke University
Doctoral Candidate, Institute of Communication Studies, Communication University of China, Beijing
Ronald A. Yaros
Associate Professor, Philip Merrill College of Journalism, University of Maryland, College Park