As digital augmentations of our world become ever more embedded into everyday life, this project asks where they are, what they are, and who owns, controls, and can shape them.


Through case studies of Google and Wikipedia, this project examines digital geographies at global, national and urban scales. Specifically, we plan to use methods from computational, social, and geographical sciences to identify and analyse the undesirable effects of contemporary digital geographies. Digital representations of place deeply affect our understanding of the world and our actions in the world, often in ways which are not immediately apparent, and as a result they can amplify existing inequalities and create new ones. Mapping such geographic inequalities allows us to develop understandings of how they matter – and ultimately to develop strategies that can help in the design of more equitable futures.


  • Prof Mark Graham

    Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford

    Principal Investigator

  • Dr Martin Dittus

    Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford