Professor Luciano Floridi discusses cyberpolitics at Madrid’s Ateneo in June 2015. Floridi first outlines his conception of historical progress, from prehistory to hyperhistory: prehistory lacks ICTs and therefore a means of recording the present for the future; history has ICTs that are controlled primarily by the state, the principal agent of information; hyperhistory deals with multi-agent systems (e.g. EU, IMF) unconstrained by any particular force. Floridi then explains the idea of uncertainty, which he believes constitutes the main source of power in hyperhistory. If, he relates, information today is composed of both a question and an answer, then uncertainty occurs when one has only the former, but not the latter. According to Floridi, whatever controls uncertainty controls power in mature information societies and he cites Google’s success as proof of this maxim.

About the speakers